The decorated Christmas tree can be traced back to the ancient Romans who during their winter festival, decorated trees with small pieces of metal during Saturnalia, a winter festival in honor of Saturnus, the god of agriculture. An evergreen, the “Paradise tree”, was decorated with apples as a symbol of the feast of Adam and Eve held on December 24th during the middle ages. Christmas trees were sold in Alsace in 1531. Alsace was at that time a part of Germany. Today it is part of France. The trees were sold at local markets and set up in homes undecorated. In the Ammerschweier in Alsace, there was an ordinance that stated no person “shall have for Christmas more than one bush of more than eight shoe lengths.”
Sixteenth century folklore credited Martin Luther as being the first to decorate an indoor tree. After a walk through a forest of evergreens with shining stars overhead, Luther tried to describe the experience to his family and showed them by bringing a tree into their home and decorating it with candles. Some historians state that the first evidence of a lighted tree appeared more than a century after Martin Luther’s death in 1546.
The oldest record of a decorated Christmas tree came from a 1605 diary found in Strasburg, France (Germany in 1605). The tree was decorated with paper roses, apples and candies.
In Austria & Germany during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the tops of evergreens were cut and hung upside down in a living room corner. They were decorated with apples, nuts and strips of red paper.
The first record of Christmas trees in America dates back to the German Moravian Church’s settlement in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Christmas 1747. Actual trees were not decorated, but wooden pyramids covered with evergreen branches were decorated with candles.
The custom of the Christmas tree was introduced in the United States by Hessian troops during the War of Independence. An early account tells of a Christmas tree set up by American soldiers at Fort Dearborn, Illinois, the site of Chicago in 1804. Most other early accounts in the United States were among the German settlers in eastern Pennsylvania.
In 1834, Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert, was credited with was credited with bringing the first Christmas tree to Windsor Castle for the Royal Family. Some historians state that in actuality, Queen Charlotte, Victoria’s grandmother, recalled that a Christmas tree was in the Queen’s lodge at Windsor on Christmas Day in 1800.
Charles Minnegrode introduced the custom of decorating trees inWilliamsburg, Virginia in 1842. By 1850, the Christmas tree had become fashionable in the eastern states. Until this time, it had been considered a quaint foreign custom. Mark Carr brought trees from the Catskills to the streets of New York in 1851, and opened the first retail Christmas tree lot in the United States. In 1856, Franklin Pierce was the first president to introduce the Christmas tree to the White House for a group of Washington Sunday School children. The first national Christmas Tree was lighted in the year, 1923, on the White House lawn by President Calvin Coolidge.
Here are some interesting links with more information about Christmas Trees.
Christmas Trees at the White House
A tree from the National Christmas Tree Association has been displayed in the Blue Room of the White House since 1966.
Christmas Trees Traditions around the World
Learn about Christmas tree traditions outside the United States.
An American Christmas Decade by Decade
Follow the story of how we came to celebrate Christmas as a National Holiday.
Legends of Christmas
Stories of how caroling, candy canes, gift giving, poinsettias and other customs became part of Christmas traditions.
Origins of Other Christmas Traditions
Check out the origins of other Christmas traditions. Go to articles, Advent traditions Part I.
The Chronological History of the Christmas tree
Follow the history of the Christmas tree through the centuries. Everyone have a safe and pleasant Holiday season and a Happy New Year and always.
Remember, Learn and Have Fun!
David Rodriguez is the County Extension Agent-Horticulture for Bexar County. He represents Texas Cooperative Extension with the Texas A&M University System. For any landscape or gardening information, call the Bexar County Master Gardeners Hotline at (210) 467-6575, e-mail questions to firstname.lastname@example.org, or visit our County Extension website at https://bexar-tx.tamu.edu/.