Outstanding Landscape Plants for South Texas

David Rodriguez, Extension Agent-Horticulture, Bexar County

Planting begins with selection of adapted species to site and climate. The time to decide on the species is long before you go to the nursery to buy. To help those who don’t know the best landscape plants for this area, the following is a list which you should choose from:

Click on a topic below to go directly to the type of plants you’re looking for.

GROUND COVERS (space 1′ apart)

Algerian Ivy*
Plumbago
(deciduous)
Asiatic Jasmine **
Prostrate Rosemary
(herb)
Bearded Iris
Ruellia Dwarf Series
(pink, purple, white)
**
Confederate Jasmine
Santolina
(gray and green)
Day Lilies
Texas Gold Columbine *
English Ivy **
Trailing Juniper
Japanese Purple Honeysuckle
Trailing Lantana
(“Harbor’s Dwarf”, “New Gold”)
Lirope (standard, “Big Blue”,”Giganta”)*
Nandina domestica, var.**
Verbena, “Tex Tuf”
(perennial-red, rose, purple)
Oregano
Vinca Major **
Wedelia
(deciduous)
Monkey Grass/
Mondo Grass *

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VINES

Boston Ivy
(4′ apart; deciduous)
English Ivy
(3′ apart)
**
Carolina Jessamine
(4′ apart)
Grapes, var. Champanel or
Blk Spanish deciduous
Climbing Cecile Brunner
(sweetheart rose; 10′ apart)
Hall’s Honeysuckle
(6′ apart)
Confederate Jasmine
(4′ apart)
Improved Trumpet Vine
(12′ apart, deciduous)
Coral Honeysuckle
(3′ apart)
La Marque Rose
(10′ apart)
Coral Vine
( 8′ apart, deciduous)
Lady Banks Rose (12′ apart)
Creeping Fig
(4′ apart)
Passionflower
(4′ apart)
Cross Vine
(8′ apart)
Butterfly Vine (Stigmaphyllon/Mascagnia)
(4′ apart)
Virginia Creeper
(3′ apart; deciduous)
Sweet Autumn Clematis
(4′ apart)

 DWARF SHRUBS

Crimson Pygmy Barberry
(2′ x 3′)
Nandina domestica, var.
‘Harbor Dwarf’

(2′ x 2′)
Dwarf Abelia
(3′ x 2′)
Plumbago
(3′ x 3′)
Dwarf Chinese Holly
(3′ x 2′)
Pomegranate
(2′ x 2′)
Dwarf Yaupon Holly
(2′ x 2′)
Rosemary
(3′ x 3′ herb)
Gray Cotoneaster
(3′ x 3′)
Santolina
(1.5′ x 1)
(green and grey)
Mexican Oregano
(3′ x 4′ herb)
Nandina domestica, var.
Dwarf ‘Compacta’
(4′ x 3′)

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SMALL SHRUBS

Dwarf Burford Holly
(5′ x 4′)
**
Red Leaf Japanese Barberry
(5′ x 5′, semi-deciduous)
Dwarf Oleander
(4′ x 3′)
Sago Palm
(4′ x 5′)
Flowering Quince
(4′ x 4′ decidious)
Salvia farinacea Mealy Sage
(2′ x 3′)
Glossy Abelia
(6′ x 4′)
Salvia greggii
(3′ x 2′)
Japanese Acuba
(4′ x 4′) *
Standard Nandina
(5′ x 3′)**
Salvia leucantha
(2′ x 2′)
Japanese Boxwood
(4′ x 4′)

 MEDIUM SHRUBS

Agarita
(3′ to 8′)
Italian Jasmine
(5′ x 3′)
Standard Burford Holly
(10′ x 8′) **
Nellie R. Stevens Holly
(8′ x 6′)
Chinese Holly
(9′ x 6′) **
Oleander
(9′ x 8′)
Coppertone Loquat
(7′ x 5′)
Primrose Jasmine
(5′ x 7′)
Fatsia
(5′ x 4′, shade, tropical, effect)
Crape Myrtle, Dwarf
(6′ x 5′)
Texas Sage, Ceniza
(6′ x 6′)
Sandankwa Viburnum
(8′ x 6′)
Flowering Pomegranate
(8′ x 5′)
Tea Rose
(Mrs. B.R. Cant, 5′ x 4′)
Tea Rose
(Mrs. Dudley Cross, 5′x4′)

 LARGE SHRUBS

Crape Myrtle
(9′ x 8′)
Pineapple Guava/Feijoa
(12′ x 11′)
Elaeagnus
(10′ x 8′)
Sweet Viburnum
(10′ x 8′)
Standard Burford Holly
(10′ x 8′)
Texas Mt. Laurel
(15′ x 10′)
Ligustrum
Glossy Privet)

(20′ x 15′)
Xylosma
(12′ x 8′)
Japanese Yew
(12′ x 5′)
Yaupon Holly
(10′ x 8′)**
Texas Lilac
(10′ x 3′)
Pampas Grass
(10′ x 6′)

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SMALL TREES

Crape Myrtle
(25′ x 15′)
Possumhaw /
Deciduous Holly

(12′ x 8′)
Esperanza
(3′ to 6′ x 4′)
Mexican Redbud
(20′ x 15”)
Japanese Persimmon
(25′ x 20′)
Texas Mt. Laurel
(15′ x 10′)
Loquat
(15′ x 12′)
Texas Redbud
(20′ x 15′)
Mediterranean Fan Palm
(10′ x 15′)
Vitex
(20′ x 15′)
Mexican Buckeye &
Mexican Redbud

(understory 20′ x 15′)
Windmill Palm
(12′ x 7′)
Mexican Plum
(12′ x 10′)
Japanese Black Pine
(25′ x 20′)
Yaupon Holly
(understory 15′ x 10′)

MEDIUM TREES

Aleppo Pine
(20′ x 15′)
Lacey Oak
(45′ x 40′)
Anaqua
(40′ x 25′)
Osage Orange
(40′ x 30′)
Bradford Pear
(25′ x 15′)
Palm-Washitonia Filifere
(40′ x 12′)
Cedar Elm
(45′ x 30′)
Sierra Red Oak
(40′ x 30′)
Chinese Pisache
(40′ x 30′)
Texas Red Oak
(25′ x 20′)
California Fan Palm
(Washingtonia filifere)
(40′ x 15′)
Fan-Tex Ash
(40′ x 40′)

LARGE TREES

Bald Cypress
(60′ x 25′)
Monterrey Oak
(Mexican White Oak)
(40′ x 40′)
Bur Oak
(deep soils only)
(60′ x 30′)
Montezuma Cypress
(50′ x 30′)
Chinkapin Oak
(50′ x 30′)
“Texas” Shumard Oak
(60′ x 40′)
Live Oak
(50′ x 50′)
Pecan
(50′ x 30′)

*Shade

**Sun & Shade

 

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